Minima is a one-size-fits-all Jekyll theme for writers. It’s Jekyll’s default (and first) theme. It’s what you get when you run jekyll new.

Theme preview

minima theme preview


Add this line to your Jekyll site’s Gemfile:

gem "minima"

And add this line to your Jekyll site:

theme: minima

And then execute:

$ bundle

Contents At-A-Glance

Minima has been scaffolded by the jekyll new-theme command and therefore has all the necessary files and directories to have a new Jekyll site up and running with zero-configuration.


Refers to files within the _layouts directory, that define the markup for your theme.

  • default.html — The base layout that lays the foundation for subsequent layouts. The derived layouts inject their contents into this file at the line that says ` <div class="home">


<ul class="post-list"><li><span class="post-meta">Aug 24, 2020</span>
      <a class="post-link" href="/2020/08/24/Ubuntu-20.04-Install-Sizes">
        How to install Ubuntu in the smallest size? 20.04 Edition
    </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

</li><li> <h3> How to install Ubuntu in the smallest size? 19.10 edition </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

</li><li> <h3> Linux on a USB Stick - Direct Boot and Running in a Virtual Machine the same Linux Environment </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

I have been running a Linux virtual machine, with the virtual disk on a USB stick for a while as my main development environment. Running a VM on my harddisk impacted performance of my windows machine (I don’t have a SSD), so I run it off a USB stick which worked nicely. I at times wanted to boot directly into my linux environment to leverage the full performance of my laptop. I also move around various computers, so haveing the portablility to use any computer and resuming work was something I desired. Thats when I looked into the options of how to do this.

</li><li> <h3> Linux - Ubuntu Desktops - Which one should you choose? </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

I was intersted in getting a new linux distro. I know there are favorites out there, but I decided to go with Ubuntu which has been on top 10 lists for a few years at least and has a large user community. Ubuntu had switched to Unity being the default desktop, but recently announced switching back to Gnome. Considering I was going to go with the LTS version, Unity is still the default desktop. So I was intersted in trying out 2 other Ubuntu desktop variants of LXDE and XFCE. I will share my experience of installing the variants, what I learned, and what I ended up with.

</li><li> <h3> Cross Platform Game Development - Part 3 </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

Will look into how we will build are basic Airplane game using Corona. When I first looked at this, I saw Corona not updated since 2016. However when I created an account I learned the latest version was March 2017 and daily dev builds are available.

</li><li> <h3> Cross Platform Game Development - Part 2 </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

Will look into how we will build are basic Aireplane game using defold game engine. This game engine is offered by the King Game studio well knwon for their games like Candy Crush Saga.

</li><li> <h3> Cross Platform Game Development - Part 1 </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

Will look into how to build a basic Airplane game using Love2D.

</li><li> <h3> Cross Platform Game Development - Introduction </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

I’ve been looking into developing a small 2D game as a hobby, but have been undecided on which game engine or framework I should use. This post will cover game engines/frameworks that I narrowed down too. I’ll cover my perspective of what drived the short list.

</li><li> <h3> Hybrid Mobile Development - What should I use? </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

Mobile development teams today most commonly use a silo approach to building mobile applications. Each mobile platform application is written in a separate programming language, using the platforms native tools. The three major platforms are iOS/Objective-C/XCODE, Android/Java/Android Studio, and Windows/C#/Visual Studio.

</li><li> <h3> Cross Platform code for Mobile - Should I use C++? </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

When choosing the development approach for mobile development, the idea of cross mobile development always comes up. Write once, deploy everywhere. Do more with a smaller team. There are a number of approaches out there, but which one should you choose and should you?

</li><li> <h3> Interview Coding Chalenges </h3><h1 id="summary">Summary</h1>

I recently decided to test myself in solving common interview coding challenges. I started with FizzBuzz.


<p class="rss-subscribe">subscribe <a href="/feed.xml">via RSS</a></p></div>  ` and are linked to this file via [FrontMatter]( declaration `layout: default`.   - `home.html` &mdash; The layout for your landing-page / home-page / index-page. [[More Info.](#home-layout)]   - `page.html` &mdash; The layout for your documents that contain FrontMatter, but are not posts.   - `post.html` &mdash; The layout for your posts.


Refers to snippets of code within the _includes directory that can be inserted in multiple layouts (and another include-file as well) within the same theme-gem.

  • disqus_comments.html — Code to markup disqus comment box.
  • footer.html — Defines the site’s footer section.
  • google-analytics.html — Inserts Google Analytics module (active only in production environment).
  • head.html — Code-block that defines the <head></head> in default layout.
  • header.html — Defines the site’s main header section. By default, pages with a defined title attribute will have links displayed here.


Refers to .scss files within the _sass directory that define the theme’s styles.

  • minima.scss — The core file imported by preprocessed main.scss, it defines the variable defaults for the theme and also further imports sass partials to supplement itself.
  • minima/_base.scss — Resets and defines base styles for various HTML elements.
  • minima/_layout.scss — Defines the visual style for various layouts.
  • minima/_syntax-highlighting.scss — Defines the styles for syntax-highlighting.


Refers to various asset files within the assets directory. Contains the main.scss that imports sass files from within the _sass directory. This main.scss is what gets processed into the theme’s main stylesheet main.css called by _layouts/default.html via _includes/head.html.

This directory can include sub-directories to manage assets of similar type, and will be copied over as is, to the final transformed site directory.


Minima comes with jekyll-seo-tag plugin preinstalled to make sure your website gets the most useful meta tags. See usage to know how to set it up.


Home Layout

home.html is a flexible HTML layout for the site’s landing-page / home-page / index-page.

Main Heading and Content-injection

From Minima v2.2 onwards, the home layout will inject all content from your / index.html before the Posts heading. This will allow you to include non-posts related content to be published on the landing page under a dedicated heading. We recommended that you title this section with a Heading2 (##).

Usually the site.title itself would suffice as the implicit ‘main-title’ for a landing-page. But, if your landing-page would like a heading to be explicitly displayed, then simply define a title variable in the document’s front matter and it will be rendered with an <h1> tag.

Post Listing

This section is optional from Minima v2.2 onwards.
It will be automatically included only when your site contains one or more valid posts or drafts (if the site is configured to show_drafts).

The title for this section is Posts by default and rendered with an <h2> tag. You can customize this heading by defining a list_title variable in the document’s front matter.


To override the default structure and style of minima, simply create the concerned directory at the root of your site, copy the file you wish to customize to that directory, and then edit the file. e.g., to override the _includes/head.html file to specify a custom style path, create an _includes directory, copy _includes/head.html from minima gem folder to <yoursite>/_includes and start editing that file.

The site’s default CSS has now moved to a new place within the gem itself, assets/main.scss. To override the default CSS, the file has to exist at your site source. Do either of the following:

  • Create a new instance of main.scss at site source.
    • Create a new file main.scss at <your-site>/assets/
    • Add the frontmatter dashes, and
    • Add @import "minima";, to <your-site>/assets/main.scss
    • Add your custom CSS.
  • Download the file from this repo
    • Create a new file main.scss at <your-site>/assets/
    • Copy the contents at assets/main.scss onto the main.scss you just created, and edit away!
  • Copy directly from Minima 2.0 gem
    • Go to your local minima gem installation directory ( run bundle show minima to get the path to it ).
    • Copy the assets/ folder from there into the root of <your-site>
    • Change whatever values you want, inside <your-site>/assets/main.scss

This allows you to set which pages you want to appear in the navigation area and configure order of the links.

For instance, to only link to the about and the portfolio page, add the following to you _config.yml:


Change default date format

You can change the default date format by specifying site.minima.date_format in _config.yml.

# Minima date format
# refer to if you want to customize this
  date_format: "%b %-d, %Y"

Enabling comments (via Disqus)

Optionally, if you have a Disqus account, you can tell Jekyll to use it to show a comments section below each post.

To enable it, add the following lines to your Jekyll site:

    shortname: my_disqus_shortname

You can find out more about Disqus’ shortnames here.

Comments are enabled by default and will only appear in production, i.e., JEKYLL_ENV=production

If you don’t want to display comments for a particular post you can disable them by adding comments: false to that post’s YAML Front Matter.

Social networks

You can add links to the accounts you have on other sites, with respective icon, by adding one or more of the following options in your config:

twitter_username: jekyllrb
github_username:  jekyll
dribbble_username: jekyll
facebook_username: jekyll
flickr_username: jekyll
instagram_username: jekyll
linkedin_username: jekyll
pinterest_username: jekyll
youtube_username: jekyll
googleplus_username: +jekyll
rss: rss

 - username: jekyll
 - username: jekyll2

Enabling Google Analytics

To enable Google Analytics, add the following lines to your Jekyll site:

  google_analytics: UA-NNNNNNNN-N

Google Analytics will only appear in production, i.e., JEKYLL_ENV=production

Enabling Excerpts on the Home Page

To display post-excerpts on the Home Page, simply add the following to your _config.yml:

show_excerpts: true


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at This project is intended to be a safe, welcoming space for collaboration, and contributors are expected to adhere to the Contributor Covenant code of conduct.


To set up your environment to develop this theme, run script/bootstrap.

To test your theme, run script/server (or bundle exec jekyll serve) and open your browser at http://localhost:4000. This starts a Jekyll server using your theme and the contents. As you make modifications, your site will regenerate and you should see the changes in the browser after a refresh.


The theme is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.